Cut the plant just above a leaf node. Keep the plant away from children and plants. At this stage, you can cut away any foliage that does not contain any peppers, leaving enough leaves to continue photosynthesis. Peppers love rich, loamy, well drained soil. Varying conditions, like geographic location, soil quality, and temperature can all have a heavy impact on your pepper plant’s growth. By the mid-to-late growing season, the stem structure should be fairly strong, and leaving additional leaves allows the plant to best use increasing levels of light. You may need to prune your pepper plant to remove unhealthy foliage and help the healthy peppers grow. Use a bypass pruner to prune larger pepper plants. This ensures that you know what you’re cutting off. But what are the rules for indoor plants? Brown leaves often mean that your plant is under watered. Your pepper plant needs to be watered regularly, but it should never sit in soggy or waterlogged soil. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Don't wait to remove... 2. Make sure you use a pair of sharp scissors. This way, the pepper plant can recover and begin forming new growth sooner. Prune out spotted brown leaves. Expert Interview. Symptoms of overwatering include wilted leaves and black spots on the leaves and stems. Most pepper plants will have no issue producing a healthy harvest without any pruning. Some growers claim that pruning peppers is unnecessary, so feel free to experiment and let us know the results. They grow well in raised beds, containers, and in-ground gardens. By removing excess stems, you will help direct the remaining energy from the plant towards ripening the existing pods. You should water the plants when the top inch (2.5cm) of soil is dry … The remaining nodes will be critical points for new growth. Expert Source There are two major types of peppers: sweet and hot. Thus, it is suggested to prune your plants early in … You may need to adjust your pruning habits accordingly. Use your pruning shears to harvest your peppers.’’’ Once they are ready to be harvested, use your pruner to detach the pepper from the plant, leaving a small portion of the stem. At this stage, your plant may look slightly tall or ‘leggy’ in stature. Avoid ‘blinding’ the main stem. We highly encourage growers to bottom prune their pepper plants. So you’ve had a great harvest, but winter is now approaching. References However, if you want the plants to continue fruiting and growing under grow lights indoors, then don’t prune too heavily. According to a study, pruning peppers at the start of the season helps improve the fruit's quality. As your plants grow and fruits begin to weigh them down, staking can help keep them upright. Pruning can be done at this time to encourage the last of your peppers to ripen more quickly. Do this by gently holding the branch and clipping it off with garden shears. Gloves are especially useful when pruning and harvesting your peppers late in the season, as they can protect your hands against accidental capsaicin exposure. When choosing which parts of your pepper plants to prune, you want to … Different types of pepper plants can produce a wide variety of different kinds of peppers but, in general, these plants require relatively similar basic care. At the top of the scale are the habanero and chili peppers. These plants prefer a pH of … Note: This method is also called topping pepper plants, as you are essentially cutting the top of the plant off. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Staking is needed for high yielding plants and those grown in growing bags. Most people don't know you can prune pepper plants. Bottom pruning can be done shortly after moving plants outdoors in the Spring, and as needed throughout the season. Many pepper varieties have a tendency to grow tall and lanky, especially with inadequate lighting. Be sure to consider carefully whether pruning is even necessary for your plants. Pepper plants may not produce tasty peppers if the plant gets too big, so cut your plant back when it’s roughly 1 foot (30.5 cm) tall. However, in southern parts, judiciously pruning the pepper plants and applying additional fertilizer as a sidedress application can prolong pepper production until the first killing frost. Before the pepper plant produces fruits, it is believed that topping it off during early season helps increase harvest. Your plant is struggling to make enough food for itself. Pinch the plant at the desired point between your finger and your thumbnail until you feel the stem break. … Several canes should be used per plant … Cayenne peppers are relatively easy to grow indoors, and they add both a spicy kick to recipes, and attractive decoration to your kitchen. This article has been viewed 150,824 times. Cutting too high up a stem leaves a ‘snag’ that dies and can begin to rot. Plant Peppers in Rich Soil. Unless you live in Hawaii, you may have difficulty finding Hawaiian chili pepper plants, but you can grow them from seed ordered from specialty gardening catalogs. Harvesting: Check image on plant tag (or at the top of this page) to learn what your pepper looks like when mature. When it comes to bell peppers, pruning at the beginning of the season, before the plant has set fruit, is suppose to help increase yield. This can encourage stockier and fuller plant growth in the long run. Pepper Geek participates in various affiliate programs, meaning links contained in this article may provide us a commission should you make a purchase on the linked website. Nodes are like a crossroads along a pepper plant’s stem. Pepper plants need at least 6-8 hours of sunlight per day. s manage high wind periods and better support heavy crops of No! Most varieties of cayenne pepper start out green and mature to a red (most common), yellow, orange, brown, or white color. ", http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/%24department/deptdocs.nsf/all/opp4523, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ckg4Vh9ga8, https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/vegetables/pepper/pruning-bell-peppers.htm, https://www.gardenersworld.com/how-to/grow-plants/how-to-prune-your-plants/, https://www.thisoldhouse.com/ideas/choosing-and-using-pruners-and-loppers, https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/vegetables/pepper/browning-pepper-leaves.htm, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. To prune, it is believed that topping it off during early pruning cayenne pepper plants helps improve the fruit quality... Wikihow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback prune out a stem... Harvest, but excellent info on growing and overwintering chilis might otherwise spread between your finger and thumbnail! 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