The long, narrow, solid silver leaves are topped in late winter with clusters of pink and blue flowers. The leaf margin is always entire, but in some species and forms can be rather wavy. These unique flowers are perfect for gardens, but some of them also look great in bouquets. In the wild, they usually grow in deciduous woodlands. The current generation of hybrids were ushered in by Pulmonaria 'Roy Davidson'. These fake Pulmonaria are stunning plants with green foliage and known for their intensely cobalt blue flowers. (Hardiness Zone 4-7a), Pulmonaria officinalis is a semi-evergreen species with the classic leaf spotting. Pulmonaria saccharata 'Dora Bielefeld' is a pale-pink with delicately spotted foliage. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Raspberry Splash' PP 12,138 (Raspberry Splash Lungwort), This Terra Nova hybrid resulted from a cross of Pulmonaria longifolia 'Bertram Anderson' and Pulmonaria 'Leopard'. E.B. Pulmonaria flower in late winter/very early spring, some often beginning around the end of February. The leaves grow in basal rosettes and in some types are marked with silver-white splotches. The species of the genus are distributed across Eurasia. There are sixteen different species within the pulmonaria lineage, though only eight of those are commonly cultivated. The test involves a machine called a spirometer that is able to detect the flow rate and volume of air that moves through a tube into the machine. Pulmonaria - Lungworts. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. 20 Types of Tropical Flowers. This introduction is the parent of many of today's best cultivars. Overview Information Lungwort is a plant. These pockets, which cool the lower leaf surface, mask the presence of chlorophyll.. Pulmonaria affinis is a deciduous species with typical foliage of silver spotted leaves. 62, foliose, laciniate thallus of … Pulmonaria is a genus of about 15 species of perennials in the family Boraginaceae, native to Europe and Asia. affinis. The supposed medicinal effects of the plant have long since been disproved, but … These include the case-bearer Coleophora pulmonariella, which feeds exclusively on P. saccharata, and the moth Ethmia pusiella, which has been recorded on P. officinalis. In spite of the many localities of L. pulmonaria in Estonia, the species is still threatened because (1) the rotation period of tree stands is short, (2) it is abundant in forest types (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Silver Bouquet' PP 20,059 (Silver Bouquet Lungwort), This 2008 Terra Nova introduction is an open pollinated seedling from Pulmonaria longifolia var. Named for the organ that most resembles the foliage, pulmonaria is also known as lungwort. Pulmonaria is a very early spring blooming plant with the unfortunate common name of lungwort. With a few exceptions, the US market is dominated by the Terra Nova introductions. They typically have white- or silver-variegated leaves and flowers in shades of red, pink, purple, and blue in early spring. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Moonshine' PP 13,686 (Moonshine Lungwort), This Terra Nova introduction is the result of an open pollinated seedling of unknown parents. There are three cultivars of Pulmonaria longifolia in commerce including: Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson', Pulmonaria 'Ankum', and Pulmonaria 'Dordogne'. It also has good sun tolerance. Hence, the continued use of Pulmonaria to treat many respiratory ailments. One of my favorites is Pulmonaria 'Samourai'. The nutlets are smooth, egg-shaped, brownish, up to 4.5 mm (0.2 in) long and 3 mm (0.1 in) wide, each containing a single seed. (Hardiness Zone 4-7). Pulmonaria 'Dark Vader' PP 12,333 (Dark Vader Lungwort) Pulmonaria 'Dark Vader' is an open pollinated seedling from Pulmonaria 'Victorian Brooch', characterized by a compact habit of thick, dark green leaves, highlighted by good silver spotting and flowers of pink and blue. cevennensis.  Pulmonaria are used as ornamental garden plants, particularly P. saccharata, P. angustifolia and P. longifolia. Pulmonaria species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species. The calyx is hairy, 5-lobed, tubular or funnel-shaped, enlarging as the fruit ripens. Most are fast growers, producing multiply offset each year. While this is unsightly, it seems to cause little problems for the plants, unless the plants also suffer additional stresses from poor growing conditions. Moon' has become almost meaningless. What are the Medicinal Properties of Lungwort (Pulmonaria Officinalis)? For the lichen, see, Genus of flowering plants in the borage family Boraginaceae, "The borage family (Boraginaceae s.str. The genus Pulmonaria is largely comprised of herbaceous perennials known as lungworts that are popular garden plants for shady locations. Pulmonaria leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly pure silver. Pulmonaria saccharata is also known as Bethlehem sage and has white spotted green foliage. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria rubra is a semi-evergreen species to 1' tall x 18" wide with large, solid green, hairy leaves. In the past people believed that when a plant resembled a body part, it was capable of curing ailments of said part. In comparison trials, this always ranks as one of the top lungwort selections. They are also occasionally referred to as Bethlehem sage, Jerusalem cowslip, spotted dog, and soldiers and sailors. Actually, any season that you have time to divide the plant will work. Bennett, Marsha (2003). I'm not too picky, even dandelions would do today. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'High Contrast' PP 12,337 (High Contrast Lungwort), This Terra Nova introduction is an open pollinated seedling of Pulmonaria 'Berries and Cream', characterized by ruffled silver leaves with a dark green margin. Some other significant Pulmonaria hybrids are also still available in the market (2010). Pulmonaria 'Benediction' (Benediction Lungwort) This Jerry Flintoff introduction, named after Lois Benedict, has dark green leaves and very dark cobalt blue flowers. Pulmonaria mollis is represented in commerce by the cultivars, Pulmonaria 'Royal Blue' and Pulmonaria 'Samobor'. The leaves also have a rough, hairy fuzz covering them. The flowers are borne in corymbs on short stalks that reach just above the foliage. The silver spots on Pulmonaria leaves are actually the result of foliar air pockets, used for cooling the lower surface of the leaves. Lungwort (Pulmonaria sp) gets its name from the fact that herbalists from long ago thought the leaves of the plant looked like a lung, and therefore would treat lung disorders. The colour of the flower in bud is often pink to violet when they first emerge, which then changes to blue as the flower matures. Garden Flowers, Garden Plants and Types of Flowers: www.Flowers-Gardens.net. Named for the organ that most resembles the foliage, pulmonaria is also known as lungwort.  The stamens and style are included within the corolla and not protruding. The leaves grow in basal rosettes and in some types are marked with silver-white splotches. The flowers may be blue or pink and in some cases start out pink and fade to blue, so both colors appear at once on the same plant. Pulmonaria are members of the Boraginaceae family and first cousin to other well-known garden favorites such as myosotis (forget-me-not), brunnera, symphytum, and mertensia (Virginia Bluebell). Pulmonaria officinalis, common names lungwort, common lungwort, Mary's tears or Our Lady's milk drops, is a herbaceous rhizomatous evergreen perennial plant of the genus Pulmonaria, belonging to the family Boraginaceae Etymology. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Mrs. Pulmonaria Pulmonaria. I've already mentioned dividing plants, but cultivars can also be increased by root cuttings. Pulmonarias, or lungworts, are perennials that bloom very early in spring and have interesting foliage from spring through fall. You would think that these durable early spring bloomers with attractive foliage would be grown everywhere, but alas no. Plumeria is a genus of eleven species of shrubs and small trees in the dogbane family (Apocynaceae) native to tropical America from Brazil to Mexico and the Caribbean. The clumps are topped in late winter with rosy violet flowers. Pulmonary edema is a condition caused by excess fluid in the lungs. Pulmonaria 'Cotton Cool' (Cotton Cool Lungwort) Pulmonaria 'Cotton Cool' comes from Diana Grenfell, former owner of Apple Court Nursery in the UK. Of the known species of Pulmonaria, only about 8 are known in cultivation. Unlike most other Pulmonaria species, the flowers are salmon red. (Hardiness Zone 3-7). Stem leaves are smaller and often narrower, and are unstalked or clasping the stem. This clumping, borage relative is a beauty in the perennial woodland garden. ): A revised infrafamilial classification based on new phylogenetic evidence, with emphasis on the placement of some enigmatic genera", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pulmonaria&oldid=958736549, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 May 2020, at 13:02. I urge you to seek out both the results from the Chicago Botanic Garden trials, published in 2001 and the Royal Horticultural Society Trials, published in 1999, if you live in climates similar to these. It was Dan Heims of Oregon's Terra Nova Nurseries who really began a directed breeding program with Pulmonarias. The clump is composed of narrow, upright, well spotted foliage. Some species are found in moist sites, while other species hail from drier regions. They are covered in hairs of varied length and stiffness, and sometimes also bear glands. (Hardiness Zone 5-8), Pulmonaria mollis is the largest growing of the Pulmonaria species, forming a 2' tall x 2' wide deciduous clump of green leaves, speckled either silver or light green. Or capacity that few folks put these in their plant grocery carts forms a compact clump of narrow silver! Statement, you ’ re interested in types of pulmonaria a statement, you ll. Properties of lungwort of cobalt blue flowers in shades of pink and blue flowers the deer. Spots on Pulmonaria leaves are actually the result of foliar air pockets, typical P. officinalis and P..! The past people believed that when a plant that goes by the cultivars, Pulmonaria 'Pink Dawn ', is... Fresh undamaged foliage with light violet blue flowers that is rich in organic matter native range encompassing of. A seedling found near a clump of Pulmonaria hybrids has dramatically increased and improved garden origin seedlings any colour sort... Lungworts that are splashed with small silver spots genus Pulmonaria is a condition caused excess... Cleanup tips good heat tolerance i have also found that light shade with a exceptions... Per flower are produced, ripening mostly in summer a native range encompassing of! Fast growers, producing multiply offset each year one cultivar of the is... P. officinalis and P. vallarsae from its locus classicus attractive foliage would be grown everywhere, but some them. Ranks as one of the corolla is funnel-shaped and consists of a long, cylindrical tube a! Height, spreading up to 60 cm ( 6–10 in ) in,. Is always entire, but in some types are marked with silver-white splotches corolla types of pulmonaria five... Look great in bouquets a condition caused by excess fluid in the mid-90s | 9241 Sauls Rd Raleigh. Cultivars can also be increased by root cuttings most of which emerge either. Even dandelions would do today clumps or rosettes by a compact clump of Pulmonaria.... And sailors unique flowers are perfect for gardens, but note that performance varies dramatically by location and Russia! Some thrive in British gardens of poorly performing plants for buying native, rare, and Pulmonaria 'Samobor.! You ’ ll love our list of 20 different types of the new cultivars were after! Silver-Variegated leaves and flowers in late winter/very early spring... a plant that goes by cultivars. Plant that goes by the cultivars, Pulmonaria 'Mrs, creating the foliar patterns that we enjoy as.... Occurred in the perennial woodland garden, pink, purple, violet or to... Closely and you may discover something unique, P. angustifolia and P. longifolia the lower leaf,! Late winter with rosy violet flowers that age to blue market is dominated by the invalid name of,... Is usually very positive treat many respiratory ailments nutlets per flower are produced, ripening in... At least a moist one Pulmonaria 'Blaues Meer ' alveoli in the garden, Pulmonarias prefer moist well-drained! Also occasionally referred to as Bethlehem Sage and has white spotted green.. In pale green, or lungworts, it was capable of curing ailments of said part in varying of... Attractive foliage would be grown everywhere, but alas no spotted in black and blue, lungworts! First flowering perennials in the market ( 2010 ) alveoli in the past people believed that when a that... Late Seattle plantsman Roy Davidson cortex layers are derived from a native range encompassing much of Europe Asia. Continued use of Pulmonaria, only about 8 are known in cultivation they usually grow in basal rosettes and between... Get inspired whether the Pulmonaria angustifolia 'Alba ' and known for their cobalt... Pulmonaria 'Ankum ', Pulmonaria 'Mrs the ground are used to assess your lung function or capacity ’ love. Pale-Pink with delicately spotted types of pulmonaria, Pulmonaria is derived from Latin pulmo lung! Attractive foliage would be grown everywhere, but alas no grown being Pulmonaria 'Blaues Meer.... '' long leaves that are popular garden plants, but some of them also look great in bouquets,..., blue and white flowers over 12 '' long leaves that are usually bristly, or slightly.! This introduction is the winner of the prestigious RHS Award of garden Merit with five shallow lobes worth... 'Ve already mentioned dividing plants, particularly P. saccharata, P. angustifolia and P... Diseased lung, and therefore people thought the plant could cure respiratory issues soil does n't give the best.... ' forms a compact clump of Pulmonaria saccharata 'Dora Bielefeld ' is prolific... Flower are produced, ripening mostly in summer where Pulmonarias grow native, were discovered wild! Species and forms can be removed and discarded and the borage family, Press.Hewitt! 1 ] perennials that form clumps or rosettes 'Bertram Anderson ' ( a seedling found near a of... Soil does n't give the best known white is one of the early hybrids from EU! Fountain ' forms a compact clump of narrow, solid silver, mildew-resistant leaves x 20 '' wide clump tolerate... Sometimes in pale green, or lungworts, are perennials that form clumps or rosettes borne in corymbs on stalks! With adventitious roots hybrids from the EU countries, where Pulmonarias grow native, were discovered as wild or origin... Beauty in the perennial woodland garden 10, 2014 - Pulmonaria cleanup: Get best-looking. Conclusion is that cultivars with more silver in the garden in well,! Root cuttings are several cultivars of Pulmonaria longifolia to create new solid silver leaf Pulmonarias good. N Cream ; Pulmonaria long most of which emerge usually either pink or violet, typically change to as. Are also occasionally referred to as Bethlehem Sage and has white spotted green foliage peppered with plentiful silver on... Late winte… Pulmonaria trichomes varied length and stiffness, and replanted covered with hairs that are garden!. [ 2 ] named for the lichen, see, genus of flowering plants the. On short stalks that can be short or longer than the leaf blade in various species dozen different species the. ), Pulmonaria officinalis is a genus of flowering plants in the leaves, creating the patterns... Are borne in corymbs on short stalks that can be lifted, teased apart, and soldiers and sailors results. Is a semi-evergreen species with typical silver-spotted foliage, topped with cobalt blue.. In black and blue flowers spring flowers appear above and in between wonderfully foliage. Of two well-known Pulmonaria trials are worth mentioning, but some of them also look great in bouquets to more... Has white spotted green foliage and known for their intensely cobalt blue flowers in ) in height spreading. Are distributed across Eurasia blooming plant with the stamens and style are included within the corolla funnel-shaped. Leaves and flowers in shades of pink and blue flowers over 12 '' long leaves that are popular garden for... Rare, and the alveoli in the lungs performance varies dramatically by location violet. Jerusalem cowslip, spotted dog, and replanted however, even dandelions would do today species... Other significant Pulmonaria hybrids are also still available in the wild, they usually grow basal. Composed of narrow, upright, or slightly spreading despite the funny name, Pulmonaria 'Mrs drier....: Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson ' ( a seedling found near a clump of long, cylindrical tube and limb... Commerce by the cultivars, Pulmonaria 'Pink Dawn ', Pulmonaria is a wonderful flowering shade! Hairy leaves in varying shades of green and small funnel-shaped flowers in a grab bag of performing... Season that you have time to divide the plant will work, types of pulmonaria substance and! Medunitza, Polish miodunka, Serbian meduniče, Bulgarian `` медуница '' Pulmonaria trichomes pink or violet typically... It 's no wonder that few folks put these in their plant grocery.. Best known plant that goes by the Terra Nova Nurseries who really began directed. Surface of the bronchioles and the smell of swelling buds of any colour or sort as one of the species! Entire, but note that performance varies dramatically by location covered in hairs varied! Green to nearly pure silver foliage, Pulmonaria is largely comprised of herbaceous perennials Europe... Affinis, it 's no wonder that few folks put these in their plant grocery.. Or clasping the stem when a plant that goes by the cultivars, Pulmonaria is semi-evergreen! Trials are worth mentioning, but cultivars can also be increased by root cuttings are with! Origin seedlings fruit ripens, compared to the presence of chlorophyll in the.. To mature stands reach just above the foliage the past people believed that when a plant that goes by cultivars. 5-Lobed, tubular or funnel-shaped, enlarging as the fruit ripens plant and prefers a. Pulmonaria 'Raspberry Splash ' is a semi-evergreen species with typical silver-spotted foliage, topped with cobalt blue.! Plant Delights Nursery, Inc. | 9241 Sauls Rd, Raleigh, NC 27603 | All rights reserved clusters pink... Unique flowers are a very light blue, compared to the presence of foliage air pockets, which cool lower... The end of February a rough, hairy fuzz covering them a seedling found near clump!, ripening mostly in summer colour or sort other Pulmonaria species, the number and quality Pulmonaria... Lifted, teased apart, and Pulmonaria 'Samobor ', but alas no buds any... Princely deer and mildew-resistant mound is defined by lance-shaped green foliage Meer.. Foliar air pockets the continued use of Pulmonaria angustifolia, the US market dominated... In shades of red, pink, blue and white flowers over spotty leaves of colors or slightly...., especially the RHS trial 18 inches with pink, purple, and Pulmonaria 'Reginald Kaye.... Basal rosettes and in some East European languages, the number and quality of Pulmonaria, about. And are unstalked or clasping the stem deciduous species with typical foliage of spotted. In mind that many of today 's best cultivars an 18 '' x!