Upright, multi-branched habit. wings are angled at about 45°. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Moist woodlands and prairies of western North America, from British Columbia’s central coast south to California. This is especially true when it comes to identifying trees such as oak and maple trees that have lobed leaves. Common in hardwood forests in deep, well-drained soils, from Ontario to Maritimes and south in the US to Georgia and Kansas. Chokecherry. Other common names for this tree include broadleaf maple and Oregon maple. Hummingbirds and other birds also like maple flower nectar. Suitable zones for planting: 5-8 It is usually grown as a small upright tree but can also be grown as a shrub if left unpruned. Maple trees are members of the genus Acer, which includes a lot of variety in size, shape, color, and growth habit. Most maples are also moisture-seekers, and their roots may infiltrate water pipes or sewer lines if they are planted above them. Maple trees are used widely in landscape works as well as in the home garden. This tree does well with urban conditions like salt and pollution. same point at the base of the leaf. Once established, the Amur maple will have some drought resistance. The leaves are medium-green in color with three or five lobes; the foliage turns yellow-orange in fall. Damp, open woods and streamsides, from southwestern British Columbia to northern California. The Plant List Search this online database for information about one million plant species from around the world. Moist soils, from southern Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario south to Florida and New Mexico. Eastern Woodlands were the first to develop maple sugaring technologies; when Europeans arrived, the First Nations sold large quantities of maple sugar to the fur trading posts. S. Katz (1991). The hard, fine-grained wood of the larger Canadian maples is widely used for manufacturing furniture, flooring, and interior woodwork, as well as for bowls, toys, musical instruments, plywood and veneer. Vine maple leaves have seven to nine lobes and turn bright red or yellow in the fall. It is regarded as the oldest maple in Canada. vine maple, Acer circinatum, and mountain maple, A. spicatum). Maple is one of the most popular trees in Canada. Maple trees include a sizable number of species in the genus Acer within the plant family Aceraceae. The dark-green leaves are quite large, with five lobes, but there is no fall color to speak of—the foliage remains green or may turn a yellowish-brown. Many people decide to plant maples because they work well as shade, street, and specimen trees. The fruits (known as samaras or maple keys) are produced in winged pairs (rarely in threes). The fast-growing tree, which is a cross between the red and silver maple, offers the best of both worlds. Tall, spreading tree; dark green leaves are very large with five lobes, and turn golden yellow in the fall; yellowish flowers grow in drooping clusters; maple keys are hairy with wings usually angled at about 45°. The Freeman’s maple is a hybrid variety with gorgeous colorful foliage that reveals itself at the turn of the season in the fall. Always check the behavior of the maple species you are considering before planting it. Trees & Shrubs - Trees This is a list of Trees in order by the Common Name that is used for each species on this site. Medium-sized tree; leaves grow up to 15 cm long, with three to five sharply-toothed lobes, and turn brilliant red in the fall; twigs, buds, flowers are bright red; maple key wings are angled at about 60°. Here is a comparison of a Norway Maple leaf with that of Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum). Although there are about 150 known species of maples, only seven. The undersides of this maple tree's leaves are silver and flash attractively in the wind. The leaf of the maple tree is a key part of Canada’s flag. This is … It also features beautiful, vibrant colours in most seasons. Cherry birch. Slow growing; prefers a sheltered site. The leafstalks are long and slender, and the blades palmately veined, meaning each has … They have flat, scale-like leaves, with small cones. The sure way to tell them apart is that Norway Maple has milky sap. Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple or moosewood). Fall color also varies according to variety, ranging from greenish-yellow to red to burgundy. As well, insect pests such as the introduced Asian Long-Horn Male Sugar Maple is one of Toronto’s best-loved trees. Medium sized, short-trunked, spreading tree up to 35 m high; leaves light green above, silvery-white below, and deeply lobed. Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods. The three-lobed leaves are medium green on the top surfaces, with bottom surfaces that are gray-green. Types of Acer Maple Trees. Its leaves generally have three lobes when the tree is young but the leaves on mature trees are not lobed. This species is closely related to the Amur maple. Innu, and Algonquin as well as various American groups. In some areas it can be invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting. Maples are important food sources for wildlife; the flower nectar and pollen is sought by bees, flies and other insects. In, Turner, Nancy J., "Maple Trees in Canada". Most of the maple species are deciduous woody plants, ranging from multi-stemmed shrubs to large upright trees with massive trunks. The giant Comfort Maple of Ontario is one such specimen that serves as a regular tourist draw. The leaves are less like the classic maple, more closely resembling the leaves of ivies or ash trees (another common name for this plant is ivy-leaved maple). Leaves of the tree may change colors during the year. It has since become one of the most prevalent trees. The vine leaf maple features leaves with three parts, a structure known as trifoliate. Golden full moon maple Acer japonicum 'Aureum' 3m tall: zone 6: Rounded yellow leaves add a bright contrast to the garden. It is a fast-growing but short-lived maple, and in favorable conditions, it may grow as much as 80 feet in height. Leaf margins are classified by the type of edging that may be lobed, smooth, or toothed. Another desirable trait is the ability of many maples to tolerate drought. Small spreading tree; leaves are compound, each with three to seven (rarely nine) leaflets, and turn yellow in the fall; white flowers are densely clustered and without petals; maple key wings are paired in V-shape. For hardness, strength and beauty, SUGAR MAPLE sur passes all other species. Canada is the leading producer of maple syrup and other maple food products in the world, with 90 per cent of Canadian maple syrup production coming from Quebec (as of early 2018). Common Pests of Trees in Ontario is a revised edition of Common Pests of Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, first printed in l975. Trees available for pickup or delivery! Acer glabrum (Douglas or Rocky Mountain maple). They are a major constituent of many temperate forests. Ten maple species are native to Canada. Even in zone 5, a severe cold spell in winter can cause severe dieback, and in the southern part of the range, it benefits from some shade to prevent leaf scorch. This is collected in sap pails hung on the trees. The Arboretum is also in charge of the Ontario Tree Atlas Projectwhic… It does, however, tolerate shade better than most large deciduous trees. Fall color is stimulated by the slight stress that occurs when climate conditions become dry, and if you irrigate a maple too diligently, its fall color may be disappointing. This is another shallow-rooted tree that should be kept away from areas with pipes or paving. Maple fruits and seeds are eaten by birds, squirrels, It’s hard to imagine Canada without a maple tree. The paperbark maple is an excellent specimen tree for small landscapes, especially when planted near a deck or patio where it can be appreciated. Golden Japanese maple Conifers are often called evergreens or needle-leaved trees (although there always exceptions). Boxelder or Acer negundo - The most common maple sp. Shade tolerant, growing in cool, moist areas from Nova Scotia and Quebec’s Gaspe Peninsula west to Saskatchewan, and south in the US as far as Georgia. Nutrition, Botany and Use,” in Food and Nutrition in History and Anthropology, ed. Red Maple Tree Varieties. We also have a gene bank of rare Ontario trees (Rare Woody Plants of Ontario). The spout which is inserted into the tree when tapping maple trees for sap is called a spile. Acer negundo (Manitoba maple or box-elder). In. Three-lobed (or sometimes five-lobed) green leaves usually turn reddish in fall, though the particular hues can be unpredictable. Small tree or multi-stemmed shrub; leaves have seven to nine lobes, and turn bright red or golden in the fall; white flowers grow in small clusters; maple key wings are wide apart. The leaves typically have more lobes than other maples, and a finer texture. Sugar Maple is a tree that impresses with its amazing fall color. J.L. Leaves turn yellow in the fall. Boxelder has the largest range of all North American maples. Maples grow Maples have also been used medicinally to treat various ailments, from coughs and tuberculosis to dysentery. The Japanese maple is a staple in many Japanese gardens, as well as in the world of bonsai. We would like to provide you with information on these ten native maples that grow from Newfoundland & Labrador westwards to the Pacific coast. produce wood with contorted grain patterns – known as “bird’s eye maple” – that is in demand by woodworkers. In fall, this tree turns attractive shades of yellow, orange, or red. of maples can be turned into baskets, ropes and even clothing, and the large leaves as a surface for laying food on. These trees are native to Southwestern Ontario and grow naturally in … This is a small rounded tree with narrow upright branches. Its leaves are nothing like what you expect from a maple. in mid-western North America, and the only maple with pinnately compound leaves. Maples are generally deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. Maple trees come in a wide range of types or forms from smaller growing dwarf species to large trees. The foliage turns dramatic shades of orange or red in fall. While it is a good idea to keep most landscape trees properly watered throughout the growing season, a maple will produce its best fall color if watering is withheld in the last weeks of summer and early fall. are commonly found in Ontario: sugar, black, red silver, mountain, striped, and two imports, Manitoba and Norway. There is good evidence that Indigenous peoples of the The red maple lives up to its name at many points throughout the year. It is a very aromatic tree with sticky sap. The leafstalks are long and slender, and the blades palmately veined, meaning each has several main veins, all extending from the Beetle, have caused significant damage to maples. A Japanese maple can be a focal point in many different types of garden designs. Ailanthus (Ailanthus altissima) Apple, Common (Malus pumila) Ash, Black (Fraxinus nigra) Ash, Blue (Fraxinus quadrangulata) Ash, Pumpkin (Fraxinus profunda) Ash, Red (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) Ash, White (Fraxinus americana) These native trees are the best choice for tree planting in our area. Landscaping enthusiasts have many options for achieving colorful yards in autumn. The angle between the wings of a maple key varies with different species. The leaves are either green or red and come in a wide variety of shapes and textures—there are thousands of cultivars. is dispersed by wind. Maples are well known to Indigenous peoples in Canada, and are named in many Indigenous languages. The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. Nearly all maple trees are deciduous and are generally a fairly hardy long lived tree. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. These vigorous types of maple trees will survive in regions where other trees give up. Turner, Nancy J.. "Maple Trees in Canada". The green leaves turn yellow or brownish-gold in fall. Because the tree is so fast growing, the wood is brittle and branches break off without warning, according to “The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Trees of the World,” by Tony Russel, Catherine Cutler and Martin Walters. Learn more about native trees for the London area. Fungi and algae are excluded. They turn yellowish or brown in the fall; flowers are densely clustered; maple keys are very large, with wings up to 5 cm 'Crimson King' is one of the most popular varieties; it features very attractive maroon leaves throughout the growing season, but the fall color is unremarkable, turning a grayish color. It does not respond well to compacted soils, road salts, or pollution. Blue beech. All trees in Canada can be distinguished as being a conifer or deciduous tree. Streambanks, gravelly slopes and open woods from British Columbia (except northeastern BC) to Alberta foothills and south to the US, mainly from Oregon to Utah. Conifers are also known as softwoods. Balsam Fir have flat 2-4 cm long, dark green needles. The silver maple is one of the trees you are most likely to see throughout the U.S., since it naturalizes very easily and grows very quickly. Native Trees of Southwestern Ontario including pictures of white birch, blue beech, bitternut hickory, pignut hickory, big shellbark hickory, shagbark hickory, chestnut, hackberry, redbud and … The flowers, pollinated by wind or by insects, are clustered, whitish to light yellow-green, or sometimes red in colour, depending on the species. As well as providing sap for sugar and syrup, some maples have edible inner bark that was formerly eaten fresh or dried, or powdered and used as a thickener in soups or as in ingredient in breads. Generally Maple trees prefer a humus rich moist but well drained soil. Small tree or large shrub with short, crooked trunk, often multi-stemmed; leaves are yellowish green above and whitish below, with three lobes, and turn yellow or brown in the fall; light yellow flowers grow in dense, upright spikes; maple key There are approximately 128 species, most of which are native to Asia, with a number also appearing in Europe, northern Africa, and North America.Only one species, Acer laurinum, extends to the Southern Hemisphere. Comfort Maple is a 500-year-old sugar maple tree in Ontario, Canada. Maple species are also widely grown as ornamental trees on city streets and in yards across Canada, contributing aesthetic beauty, shade, erosion Fall colors vary considerably depending on cultivar; yellows, red-purples, and bronze hues are all available. vine maple, Acer circinatum, and mountain maple, A. spicatum). Fall foliage is variable, ranging from an ordinary green to shades of yellow and red. Ten maple species are native to Canada, perhaps the best known being sugar maple (Acer saccharum) of eastern Canada and the northeastern United States. The paperbark maple is often chosen for a landscape because of its cinnamon or reddish-brown colored bark that peels away from the trunk, even when the tree is young. The \"Embers\" and \"Flame\" varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. Greenish-white flowers in spring give way to red samaras, and the fall foliage is yellow or red. Reds return to the tree with the fall color change. deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. Butternut. This means that we have trees, shrubs and vines here that have been grown from seed collected in wild sites in Ontario. The 'Embers' and 'Flame' varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. We are studying elms to try to develop trees that are resistant to Dutch Elm Disease and yet are genetically diverse (Elm Recovery Project). This can be a somewhat difficult plant to find for sale, but it can make a good small tree or large shrub in the landscape. While it can make a good large shade tree in the right circumstances, this is not a tree that is very tolerant of urban conditions. The fall colours are due to the production of pigments called anthocyanins (responsible for the red colours) and/or the presence of carotenoids (orange and yellow) in the leaves after the green chlorophyll breaks down. Located five minutes outside of Peterborough, Ontario. The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. In shape and size, this small tree looks similar to the Japanese maple and may be used in a similar way as a specimen tree. Maples are famous for their brilliant fall colours. Deciduous trees are often called broadleaf trees because most shed their leaves in autumn. Note that the Norway Maple leaf has more points than the Sugar Maple leaf. Maples are trees and shrubs in the genus Acer, previously classified within the maple family Aceraceae, but now placed by some taxonomists in Sapindaceae (Soapberry family), which also includes horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastaneum). From the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in the UK and the Missouri Botanical Garden in the US. Harriet V. Kuhnlein and Nancy J. Turner, “Traditional Plant Foods of Canadian Indigenous Peoples. On the west coast, however, the bigleaf maple, equally vibrant, turns bright golden yellow. The Sugar Maple is a very popular choice for Southwestern Ontario because it is tolerant to a variety of soils. 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